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Teacher Merhaba öğrenciler. Hello, students!
John Merhaba öğretmenim. Hello, professor!
Teacher John. Bir sorun var mı? John, do you have a question?
John Evet. Bir sorum var. Yes, I have a question.
Teacher Evet? Yes?
John Türkçe'de [car] ne demek? How do you say [car] in Turkish?
Teacher Araba. Araba.
John Türkçe'de [lunch] ne demek? How do you say [lunch] in Turkish?
Teacher Öğle yemeği. Öğle yemeği
John Teşekkürler. Thank you.
Teacher Rica ederim. You're welcome.

Grammar Notes

Var literally means [there is] in the sense of [there exists ].

Var mı literally means [is there?] in the sense of [Does there exist ___?].

Bir sorun var mı? literally means [Is there a question?] or [Does there exist a question?]

Bir sorum var literally means [There is a question].

The verb demek means [means]. ___ ne demek? which means [How do you say ___?] literally means, [What does ___ mean?].

Just as in English, the Turkish word for [in] (expressed by adding the suffix -'da/-'de/-de) can refer to physical location (in Istanbul) or abstractly to mean in a language (in Turkish language):

  • merkez
    the center (of a city)
  • merkezde
    in the center (of a city)
  • Türkçe
    Turkish (language)
  • Türkçe'de
    In Turkish (language)