Click to play dialogue audio.
Alessia Ciao Marcello! Hi Marcello!
Marcello Ciao Alessia! Hello Alessia!
Come stai? How are you?
Alessia Sto bene, grazie! I'm well, thanks.
E tu? And you?
Marcello Anche io bene. I (am) also well.
Alessia Cosa fai? What are you doing?
Marcello Sto leggendo un libro. I'm reading a book.
E tu? And you?
Alessia Sto andando al lavoro. I'm going to work.

Grammar Notes

Ciao is a less formal greeting than Buongiorno, but it can still be used in a wide variety of situations of varying degrees of formality.

Sto... is a verb meaning [I am ...], and it can be used to express one's current state or to express that one is currently doing some action.

Using Sto... to express one's current state:

  • Sto bene.
    I'm well.
  • Sto male.
    I'm unwell.

Using Sto... to express that one is currently doing some action:

  • Sto leggendo un libro.
    I'm reading a book.
  • Sto andando a lavoro.
    I'm going to work.

Cosa...? is the question word meaning [What ...?]. Cosa fai? is a somewhat idiomatic way to ask what one someone is currently doing. The more grammatically exact way to say this is Cosa stai facendo?, but this is rarely used in practice.