|Sofia|| Ciao, John!
|John|| Ciao, Sofia!
|Sofia|| Cosa hai fatto lo scorso fine settimana?
what-thing you-have done it previous end week
|What did you do the previous weekend?|
|John|| Sono andato a Carignano!
I-am gone to Carignano
|I went to the Carignano!|
| Ho visitato un castello.
I-have visited a castle
|I visited a castle.|
| Ho mangiato della pasta
I-have eaten of-the pasta
|And I ate some pasta.|
| Ho bevuto vino locale
I-have drunk wine local
|I drank local wine|
|Sofia|| Che bello!
|John|| Sofia, cosa hai fatto lo scorso fine settimana?
Sofia what-thing you-have done it previous end week
|Sofia what did you do the previous weekend?|
|Sofia|| Ero a casa.
I-was at home
|I was at home.|
| Ho letto un libro e ho guardato la televisione.
I-have read a book and I-have watched the television
|I read a book, and I watched television.|
| Ho anche visto un film al cinema. |
I-have also seen a movie at-the cinema
|I also watched a movie in the movie theater.|
The simple past tense in Italian for the first-person singular is formed in the following way:
Ho + [verb] + -ato,uto,ito
Sono + [verb] + -ato,uto,ito
Some verbs should be preceded by Ho and other verbs should be preceded by Sono. The rule to determine whether a verb should be preceded by Ho or Sono is as follows: Verbs of movement like andare should be preceded by Sono while all other verbs should be preceded by Ho. For now, don't worry about memorizing which verbs need Ho and which verbs need Sono.
For the second-person singular, the past tense is formed in the following way:
Hai + [verb] + -ato,uto,ito
Sei + [verb] + -ato,uto,ito