Click to play dialogue audio.
Sofia Hai fratelli o sorelle? Do you have brothers or sisters?
John Sì! Ho un fratello e una sorella. Yes! I have one brother and one sister.
Mio fratello è un manager. My brother is a manager.
Mia sorella è una studentessa. My sister is a student (female).
E tu? Hai fratelli o sorelle? And you? Do you have brothers and sisters?
Sofia Non ho una sorella. I don't have a sister.
Ma ho due fratelli. But I have two brothers.
Un fratello maggiore e un fratello minore. An older brother and a younger brother.
Mio fratello maggiore è un ingegnere. My older brother is an engineer.
Mio fratello minore è uno studente. My younger brother is a student.

Grammar Notes

In Italian, yes/no questions can usually be asked by simply adding a questioning intonation at the end of a sentence.

  • Vuoi pranzare con me.
    You want to have lunch with me.
  • Vuoi pranzare con me?
    Do you want to have lunch with me?
  • Hai fratelli.
    You have brothers.
  • Hai fratelli?
    Do you have brothers?

Il mio or la mia is the typical way to say [my] in Italian. However, the il and la are typically dropped when talking about family members. Thus, we typically say mio fratello rather than il mio fratello (although both are grammatically correct). This is simply idiomatic and must be memorized.

Uno is the Italian word for [One]. When modifying a noun, it shortens to un or una, depending on whether it modifies a masculine or feminine noun.

Due is the Italian word for [Two]. It does not change when modifying a noun.

With the exception of quantifiers like numbers and possessives, adjectives follow the noun that they modify. Therefore we say fratello maggiore or [brother older] to refer to an older brother.