Click to play dialogue audio.
Sophie As-tu des frères et sœurs? Do you have any brothers or sisters?
John Oui! J'ai un frère et une sœur. Yes, I have one brother and one sister.
Sophie Est-ce que ton frère est étudiant? Is your brother a student?
John Non, il travaille. Il est programmateur. No, he works. He is a programmer.
Sophie Est-ce que ta sœur est étudiante? And is your sister a student?
John Oui, elle étudie à l'université. Yes! She studies at university.
As-tu des frères et sœurs? And do you have brothers or sisters?
Sophie Je n'ai pas de sœurs. Mais j'ai deux frères. I have no sisters, but I have two brothers.
Sophie J'ai un frère aîné et un frère plus jeune. I have one older brother, and one younger brother.

Grammar Notes

As in English, the plural of a noun in French is usually formed by adding -s to the end of the word (exceptions exist).

  • frère
    brother
  • frères
    brothers
  • sœur
    sister
  • sœurs
    sisters
In many French words, the -s at the end of the word is silent. In the spoken language, there is actually no difference between the pronunciation of the words frère (singular) and frères (plural).

Des is the French word for [some].

The third-person singular conjugation of verbs can be complicated. For now, don't worry too much about trying to memorize all the conjugations.

  • Il travaille.
    He works.
  • Elle étudie.
    She studies.
  • Il est ...
    He is...
  • Elle est ...
    She is...

In French, the adjective comes after the noun that it modifies (in contrast to English, where the adjective comes before the noun). You can see this in the following phrases:

  • un frère aîné
    an older brother
  • un frère plus jeune
    a younger brother (literally, a more young brother)